Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplements, Table H-1. For information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, and definitions, see ftp://ftp2.census.gov/programs-surveys/cps/techdocs/cpsmar15.pdf
Quintile of Blacks, Hispanics, and Whites – 1967 vs. 1990
This graph illustrates the income by quintile for blacks, Hispanics, and whites. Data on income for blacks and whites was initially collected in 1967, while income data for Hispanics did not become available until 1972. The bars for each quintile represent when data for each respective group was first collected and income quintile statistics for 1990 in real dollars. In 1990, the first, second, and third quintiles for blacks and Hispanics have similar distributions with blacks lagging slightly behind Hispanics. However, blacks and Hispanics lag substantially behind whites in all quintiles. Whites make almost $30,000 in the first 20% of earners compared to blacks and Hispanics and more than half than blacks in the lowest quintile.
Quintile of Blacks, Hispanics, and Whites – 1990 vs. 2014
The following graph is a continuation of our previous table that extends into 2014. Here we are able to observe similar trends between blacks and Hispanics, on one hand, and whites, on the other. In 1990, 20% of blacks and Hispanics made over $69,000, while whites made close to $100,000. Keeping the same income bracket in mind for 2014, both blacks and Hispanics earned approximately $150,000 compared to whites who earned over $211,000. The different doubled from $30,000 in 1990 to $60,000 in 2014. Moreover, blacks in the lowest quintile in 2014 earned approximately as much as whites in the same income bracket in 1990.
Quintiles of Blacks, Hispanics, Whites, and Asians – 2014
Here we are illustrating the income quintiles for blacks, Hispanics, whites, and Asians in 2014. Income data on Asians by quintile was first collected in 2002 and constitute a small sample size that produce these large disparities between Asians and our three other groups.
Quintiles of individual Racial Groups
The following graphs illustrate individual racial groups by quintile from the initial collection of the data until 2014, respectively.